Former Leicester Tigers, London Irish and Bath centre retires from rugby after struggling with concussion and injury.
New Zealand centre/fly-half Dan Bowden has announced his retirement following a 13-year playing career.
"After 13 years the time has come to retire from professional rugby," Bowden said on Twitter.
"Having struggled with concussion and 11 surgeries later, the old body has let me know. Rugby has given me the opportunity to travel the world, make lifelong friends and create some incredible memories. I feel very fortunate to have played for some great teams, alongside some of the worlds best players."
Bowden, 32, spent time in the Premiership with London Irish, Leicester Tigers and Bath, played in Italy and Japan in addition to an extensive Super Rugby career with the Highlanders, Crusaders and Blues.
"I want to thank everyone who has had an influence on my career and acknowledge all of those who our paths have crossed on this pretty cool journey. The biggest thanks goes to those who have supported me unconditionally, my mum and dad, my sister and my beautiful wife and kids. The countless sacrifices they've made will be hard to repay. I'm looking forward to what the future holds."
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